Barren Grounds Nature Reserve (1)

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Site name: Barren Grounds Nature Reserve
Site number: 1
Point numbers: 1 (BARREN GROUNDS Dry A), 2 (BARREN GROUNDS Wet A), 3 (BARREN GROUNDS Dry B), 4 ( BARREN GROUNDS Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service
Site location: Southern New South Wales
Latitude: -34.679
Longitude: 150.704
Site description: Barren Grounds Nature Reserve is found in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales on the south-easterly spur of the Illawarra Range. The site is almost completely encircled by rocky cliffs and protects one of only four large areas of heath on the NSW South Coast. Barren Grounds is considered a hanging swamp plateau due to the extensive areas of heath and swamp found at elevation, and the high rates of precipitation. Dominant vegetation includes Red Bloodwood (Corymbia gummifera), Silver-top Ash (Eucalyptus sieberi), Dwarf Apple (Angophora hispida), Scrub Sheoak (Allocasuarina distyla), Stiff-leaf Wattle (Acacia obtusifolia), Heath Banksia (Banksia ericifolia), Old Man Banksia (Banksia serrata), Mountain Devil (Lambertia formosa), Broad-leafed Drumstick (Isopogon anemonifolius) and Native Fuchsia (Epacris longiflora).

Barren Grounds serves as important habitat for many plant and animal species, and is well known as an important bird area. Approximately 180 bird species can be found at Barren Grounds, including Honeyeaters, Southern Emu Wrens, Lyrebirds, Crimson Rosellas, and many threatened taxa such as the Eastern Ground Parrot and Eastern Bristlebird. The large numbers of audible species makes Barren Grounds Nature Reserve ideal for long-term ecoacoustic monitoring.