Mt Duval (37)

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Site name: Mt Duval
Site number: 37
Point numbers: 145 (Mt Duval Dry A), 146 (Mt Duval Wet A)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: University of New England
Site location: Northern Tablelands, New South Wales
Latitude: -30.410
Longitude: 151.646
Site description: Mt Duval is a reserve in the Northern Tablelands of NSW, protecting remnant eucalypt woodland and moist, tall open eucalypt forest more typical of the sub-coastal mountain forests found further to the east. This site has been established in conjunction with Duval (23).

Duval (23)

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Site name: Duval
Site number: 23
Point numbers: 89 (Duval Dry A), 90 (Duval Wet A)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: University of New England
Site location: Northern Tablelands, New South Wales
Latitude: -30.411
Longitude: 151.644
Site description: Duval is a regionally important site for threatened woodland birds with high biodiversity values. Duval has a long term field research station and avian dataset. Research at Duval has mainly focused on migratory passerines and broader biodiversity questions including invasive species (e.g. wild dogs), koalas and quolls. This site has been established in conjunction with Mt Duval (37).

Baniga (89)

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Site name: Baniga
Site number: 89
Point numbers: 353 (Baniga Dry A), 354 (Baniga Wet A), 355 (Baniga Dry B), 356 (Baniga Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Andrew Peters
Site location: Mid North Coast New South Wales
Latitude: -30.342
Longitude: 152.756
Site description: Baniga is located on a private property of 170 hectares contiguous with Dorrigo National Park and the Gondwana Rainforests of Australia WHA, with an intact warm and cool temperate rainforest bird community.

Minjerribah (86)

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Site name: Minjerribah
Site number: 86
Point numbers: 341 (Minjerribah Dry A), 342 (Minjerribah Wet A), 343 (Minjerribah Dry B), 344 (Minjerribah Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Quandamooka people (Traditional Owners)
Site location: Coastal Queensland
Latitude: -27.554
Longitude: 153.452
Site description: Minjerribah is a large sand island of approximately 38 km long and 11 km wide off the coast of Brisbane, Queensland. The Quandamooka people of Minjerribah have a strong and persisting connection to the island over many thousands of years. The island has over 100 freshwater lakes and wetlands and is home to rare, vulnerable, endangered and near threatened animals and important vegetation communities.

Marshmead (MLC) (78)

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Site name: Marshmead (MLC)
Site number: 78
Point numbers: 309 (Marshmead (MLC) Dry A), 310 (Marshmead (MLC) Wet A), 311 (Marshmead (MLC) Dry B), 312 (Marshmead (MLC) Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Marshmead Methodist Ladies College (MLC)
Site location: Eastern Victoria
Latitude: -37.481
Longitude: 149.819
Site description: MLC Marshmead remote campus is located on a 114 ha property surrounded by Croajingolong National Park in far-east Gippsland.

Pegarah Forest & Bootlace Reserve (75)

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Site name: Pegarah Forest & Bootlace Reserve
Site number: 75
Point numbers: 297 (Pegarah Forest & Bootlace Reserve Dry A), 298 (Pegarah Forest & Bootlace Reserve Wet A), 299 (Pegarah Forest & Bootlace Reserve Dry B), 300 (Pegarah Forest & Bootlace Reserve Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Forestry Tasmania
Site location: King Island, Tasmania
Latitude: -39.906
Longitude: 144.033
Site description: Pegarah Forest is composed of the largest and most intact eucalypt forest on King Island, and is managed by Forestry Tasmania. Bootlace Reserve is a private conservation reserve protecting many bird species.

Clarkesdale H23 Bushland Reserve (17)

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Site name: Clarkesdale H23 Bushland Reserve
Site number: 17
Point numbers: 65 (Clarkesdale H23 Bushland Reserve Dry A), 66 (Clarkesdale H23 Bushland Reserve Wet A), 67 (Clarkesdale H23 Bushland Reserve Dry B), 68 (Clarkesdale H23 Bushland Reserve Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Birdlife Australia
Site location: Central North Victoria
Latitude: -37.726
Longitude: 143.648
Site description: Clarkesdale Bird Sanctuary is located 150 km west of Melbourne in Victoria and managed by Birdlife Australia. Clarkesdale protects 535 ha of woodland.

Scottsdale (14)

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Site name: Scottsdale
Site number: 14
Point numbers: 53 (Scottsdale Dry A), 54 (Scottsdale Wet A), 55 (Scottsdale Dry B), 56 (Scottsdale Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Bush Heritage Australia
Site location: Southern New South Wales
Latitude: -35.900
Longitude: 149.130
Site description: Scottsdale Reserve protects endangered grassy Box Gum woodlands and temperate grasslands, with the Murrumbidgee River wrapped around its northern and western flanks. The reserve is also an important part of Kosciuszko 2 Coast – a partnership creating connections between Kosciuszko and Namadgi National Parks across to the escarpment forests on NSW’s far south coast. Scottsdale is an important site for threatened woodland bird communities.

Nardoo Hills (5)

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Site name: Nardoo Hills
Site number: 5
Point numbers: 17 (Nardoo Hills Dry A), 18 (Nardoo Hills Wet A), 19 (Nardoo Hills Dry B), 20 (Nardoo Hills Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Bush Heritage Australia
Site location: Northern Central Victoria
Latitude: -36.300
Longitude: 143.560
Site description: Nardoo Hills is a 1207 ha reserve protecting Grassy Box and Box-ironbark Woodlands. Nardoo Hills supports more than 110 bird species, including the nationally endangered Swift Parrot.

JCG Nature Reserve (4)

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Site name: JCG Nature Reserve
Site number: 4
Point numbers: 13 (JCG Nature Reserve Dry A), 14 (JCG Nature Reserve Wet A), 15 (JCG Nature Reserve Dry B), 16 (JCG Nature Reserve Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Bush Heritage Australia
Site location: Central Victoria
Latitude: -36.780
Longitude: 143.320
Site description: The JCG (John Colahan Griffin) Nature Reserve covers 147 ha and protects remnant Ironbark, Long-leaved Box and Yellow Gum woodland which provides habitat for a variety of bushland birds that are declining across Victoria. Old growth trees provide nesting resources for birds such as parrots and owls, and for mammals such as Brush-tailed Phascogales. The endangered Swift Parrot is found in the area.

Doonan Creek Environmental Reserve (22)

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Site name: Doonan Creek Environmental Reserve
Site number: 22
Point numbers: 85 (Doonan Creek Environmental Reserve Dry A), 86 (Doonan Creek Environmental Reserve Wet A), 87 (Doonan Creek Environmental Reserve Dry B), 88 (Doonan Creek Environmental Reserve Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Sunshine Coast Council
Site location: South East Queensland
Latitude: -26.494
Longitude: 153.061
Site description: Doonan Creek Environmental Reserve is a large conservation reserve of approximately 150 ha managed by the Sunshine Coast Council. The reserve is a mosaic of modified pasture and a range of remnant vegetation communities. Remnant communities include open forest and woodland, heathland and notophyll vine forest.

Mt Barney (1)

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Site name: Mt Barney
Site number: 1
Point numbers: 1 (Mt Barney Dry A), 2 (Mt Barney Wet A), 3 (Mt Barney Dry B), 4 (Mt Barney Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Bulimba Creek Catchment Coordinating Committee (B4C)
Site location: South East Queensland
Latitude: -28.240
Longitude: 152.642
Site description: The Mt Barney property is owned and managed by the Bulimba Creek Catchment Coordinating Committee (B4C). The property is a 29ha buffer area for the World Heritage Listed Mt Barney National Park, and protects remnant Eucalypt Forest and regrowth which provides habitat for Koalas, Glossy Black Cockatoos and other wildlife.

Brogo (6)

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Site name: Brogo
Site number: 6
Point numbers: 21 (Brogo Dry A), 22 (Brogo Wet A), 23 (Brogo Dry B), 24 (Brogo Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Bush Heritage Australia
Site location: Southern New South wales
Latitude: -36.510
Longitude: 149.780
Site description: In the valley of the Brogo River, this reserve is one of the largest areas of intact native bushland in the region, and conserves forest ecosystems, particularly dry rainforests, poorly protected elsewhere in the state. The reserve also protects wet and dry eucalypt forests.

Cape Barren Island (76)

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Site name: Cape Barren Island
Site number: 76
Point numbers: 301 (Cape Barren Island Dry A), 302 (Cape Barren Island Dry B), 303 (Cape Barren Island Wet A), 304 (Cape Barren Island Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Traditional Owners
Site location: Bass Strait
Latitude: -40.39
Longitude: 148.23
Site description: Cape Barren Island (truwana) is owned and managed by Traditional Owners. The island lies of the north-east coast of Tasmania, and has untouched wetlands and forested areas.

Warra Tall Eucalypt (63)

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Site name: Warra Tall Eucalypt
Site number: 63
Point numbers: 249 (Warra Tall Eucalypt Wet A), 250 (Warra Tall Eucalypt Wet B), 251 (Warra Tall Eucalypt Dry B), 252 (Warra Tall Eucalypt Dry A)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: TERN, Tasmanian Government, Forestry Tasmania, the University of Tasmania and CSIRO
Site location: Tasmanian World Heritage Area, southern Tasmania
Latitude: -43.091
Longitude: 146.652
Site description: Warra Tall Eucalypt site was established as a Long-term Ecological Research site in 1998. Warra is dominated by Eucalyptus obliqua forest and is the focus of multi-disciplinary research into the ecological processes of these unique ecosystems. Warra has some of the tallest and largest flowering forests on Earth, and is home to a range of Southern Hemisphere rainforest plants, Tasmanian Devils, Platypus, Echidna, Cockatoos, and Wallabies. The site has experienced significant fires in recent years. The establishment of acoustic sensors in these systems will provide a record for post-fire recovery.

Reedy Creek (13)

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Site name: Reedy Creek
Site number: 13
Point numbers: 49 (Reedy Creek Dry A), 50 (Reedy Creek Wet A), 51 (Reedy Creek Dry B), 52 (Reedy Creek Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Bush Heritage Australia
Site location: Central coastal Queensland
Latitude: -24.232
Longitude: 151.920
Site description: The reserve protects intact Queensland coastal and riparian forest that’s been dramatically cleared to make way for development. Reedy Creek is covered by tall swampy open forest of Melaleuca quinquenervia.

Tarcutta Hills (15)

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Site name: Tarcutta Hills
Site number: 15
Point numbers: 57 (Tarcutta Hills Dry A), 58 (Tarcutta Hills Wet A), 59 (Tarcutta Hills Dry B), 60 (Tarcutta Hills Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Bush Heritage Australia
Site location: Central West New South Wales
Latitude: -35.370
Longitude: 147.700
Site description: Tarcutta Hills protects 432 ha of intact grassy White Box woodlands. Tarcutta Hills provides habitat for threatened woodland bird communities including the Swift Parrot (Lathamus discolor).

Little Llangothlin Reserve/Warra National Park (11)

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Site name: Little Llangothlin Reserve/Warra National Park
Site number: 11
Point numbers: 41 (Little Llangothlin Reserve/Warra National Park Dry A), 42 (Little Llangothlin Reserve/Warra National Park Wet B), 43 (Little Llangothlin Reserve/Warra National Park Wet A), 44 (Little Llangothlin Reserve/Warra National Park Dry B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: University of New England and NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service
Site location: Central eastern New South Wales
Latitude: -30.085
Longitude: 151.782
Site description: Little Llangothlin Reserve is a RAMSAR site and a drought refugia with permanent water. Nearby Warra National Park has sphagnum moss areas, and endangered New England Peppermint (Eucalyptus nova-anglica) woodland.

Five Rivers Reserve (70)

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Site name: Five Rivers Reserve
Site number: 70
Point numbers: 277 (Five Rivers Dry A), 279 ( Five Rivers Wet A), 278 ( Five Rivers Dry B), 280 ( Five Rivers Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Tasmanian Land Conservancy
Site location: Central Tasmanian Highlands
Latitude: -42.104
Longitude: 146.502
Site description: The Tasmanian Land Conservancy’s Fiver Rivers Reserve protects 11000 hectares of open grassland valleys, old-growth forests and woodlands, native grasslands, endangered sphagnum moss beds, and five river systems: the Nive, Serpentine, Pine, Little Pine and Little Rivers. Five Rivers Reserve provides habitat for a number of endangered species endemic to Tasmania.

The site’s dry sensors are established in tall eucalypt forest dominated by Alpine Ash (Eucalyptus delegatensis) and Snow Gum (Eucalyptus pauciflora). Fiver Rivers Reserve’s wet sensors are located along the banks of the Nive River among Alpine Ash and Cider Gum (Eucalyptus gunnii) open forest and woodland.

Victorian Dry Eucalypt: Wombat (62)

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Site name: Victorian Dry Eucalypt: Wombat
Site number: 62
Point numbers: 245 (Victorian Dry Eucalypt: Wombat Dry A), 246 (Victorian Dry Eucalypt: Wombat Wet A), 247 (Victorian Dry Eucalypt: Wombat Wet B), 248 (Victorian Dry Eucalypt: Wombat Dry B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: The University of Melbourne, Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network
Site location: Wombat State Forest, Victoria
Latitude: -37.420
Longitude: 144.100
Site description: The Victorian Dry Eucalypt: Wombat site is a TERN SuperSite located in the Wombat State Forest (near Ballarat) and managed by the University of Melbourne.

Wombat State Forest is dominated by Messmate (Eucalyptus obliqua), Broad-leaf Peppermint (Eucalyptus dives), Narrow-leaf Peppermint (Eucalyptus radiata), Manna Gum (Eucalyptus viminalis) and Candlebark (Eucalyptus rubida). Swamp Gum (Eucalyptus ovata) and Yarra Gum (Eucalyptus yarraensis) are also present.

The native fauna of Wombat State Forest consists of mammals, including the Greater Glider (Petauroides volans), reptiles, amphibians and birds. Threatened bird species such as the Great Egret, Grey Goshawk, Australian Masked Owl and Powerful Owl, are found in the area.

The on-site OzFlux eddy covariance tower monitors ecosystem fluxes of energy, water and carbon dioxide above-ground, while below-ground measurements are obtained using six fully automated Green House Gas chambers that are connected to a Fourier Transformed Infrared gas analysis system.

Tumbarumba Wet Eucalypt (60)

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Site name: Tumbarumba Wet Eucalypt
Site number: 60
Point numbers: 237 (Tumbarumba Wet Eucalypt Dry A), 238 (Tumbarumba Wet Eucalypt Wet A), 239 (Tumbarumba Wet Eucalypt Dry B), 240 (Tumbarumba Wet Eucalypt Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: CSIRO, Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network
Site location: Bago State Forest, New South Wales
Latitude: -35.650
Longitude: 148.100
Site description: Tumbarumba, in the Bago State Forest is one of the few southern hemisphere sites that has provided records for longer than a decade of the weather, climate, net uptake of CO2 and loss of water via evapotranspiration. Bago is a managed, open wet sclerophyll eucalyptus forest, and the partnership between OzFlux and the Australian SuperSite Network is expected to improve understanding of how logging practices affect the amount of carbon and water entering, stored in and leaving the forest, and how these factors in turn influence the ecosystem as a whole.

Apart from continuously measuring the exchanges of carbon dioxide and water vapour between the forest and the atmosphere, Tumbarumba has been the site of various intensive measurement campaigns to improve our understanding on how airflow, terrain and forest structure affect the way the ecosystem takes up and releases carbon and uses water. As part of this effort CSIRO has carried out independent measurements of carbon pools, stocks and turnover rates. These measurements, along with atmospheric fluxes, have been used to improve the surface–vegetation–atmospheric–transfer (SVAT) models. SVAT models describe how energy, carbon and water are exchanged between land and atmosphere, and Tumbarumba has played a major role in improving SVAT modelling in Australia over the last decade.

Tumbarumba has also been a key site for measuring the important effects that vegetation has on the lower atmosphere, including the exchange of heat, and the production of particles and chemical species that are highly reactive and contribute to the formation of aerosols. A large international campaign provided measurements of the characteristics and dynamics of atmospheric ions, aerosol particles, and their precursors.

Detailed observations on leaf area index taken from both hemispherical photography and forest structure measurements using Echidna have been used to evaluate plant growth and canopy cover. Echidna is a ground-based laser that scans a full hemisphere from a point on the forest floor and is used for ecological assessment and to estimate wood volume and forest growth. This is complemented by data on above-ground biomass taken through airborne LIDAR surveys carried out by AusCover. The LIDAR data, in combination with hyperspectral data, offer the means to look at forest disturbance after harvest.

Cumberland Plain (53)

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Site name: Cumberland Plain
Site number: 53
Point numbers: 209 (Cumberland Dry A), 210 (Cumberland Wet A), 211 (Cumberland Dry B), 212 (Cumberland Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: University of Western Sydney, Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network
Site location: University of Western Sydney Hawkesbury campus, Richmond, New South Wales
Latitude: -33.700
Longitude: 150.700
Site description: The Cumberland Plain TERN SuperSite is located in remnant Eucalyptus woodland in the Cumberland Plain, at the University of Western Sydney’s Hawkesbury campus in Richmond, New South Wales. Associated research extends into the Blue Mountains ecoregion. These sclerophyll woodlands occur on nutrient-poor alluvium deposited by the Nepean River from sandstone and shale bedrock in the Blue Mountains. Despite this they support high regional biodiversity and endemic biota.

Cumberland Plain woodland is a critically endangered ecological community found only in the Sydney Basin Bioregion. It faces major pressures including invasive weeds, altered fire regimes, Western Sydney’s urban development, conversion to agriculture, and extreme climate events.

Samford Ecological Research Facility (64)

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Site name: Samford Ecological Research Facility (South-East Queensland Peri-Urban Samford)
Site number: 64
Point numbers: 253 (SERF Dry A), 254 (SERF Wet A), 255 (SERF Dry B), 256 (SERF Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Queensland University of Technology, Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network
Site location: South-East Queensland
Latitude: -27.388
Longitude: 152.878
Site description: The Samford Ecological Research Facility (SERF) is a 51 hectare property located in subtropical Queensland, hosting the South-East Queensland Peri-Urban TERN SuperSite. SERF is situated in a broadly fragmented landscape, shaped by historical cattle grazing, logging and agriculture, and recent residential development. The site protects threatened and endangered ecosystems within a mosaic of remnant native vegetation and cleared pasture.

The site’s two dry acoustic sensors are located in open eucalypt woodland growing on soils derived from weathered granite. These forests are dominated by Pink Bloodwood (Corymbia intermedia), Grey Ironbark (Eucalyptus siderophloia), Swamp Box (Lophostemon suaveolens), and Forest Red Gum (Eucalyptus tereticornis).

SERF’s two wet acoustic sensors are located in notophyll vine forest on alluvial plains. This vegetation community has been heavily cleared over the past 150 years, with SERF protecting one of the few remaining intact examples growing along the banks of Samford Creek. Dominant vine forest species include Native Elm (Aphananthe philippinensis),White Kamala(Mallotus discolor), White Cedar (Melia azedarach), Bunya Pine (Araucaria bidwillii), and Silky Oak (Grevillea robusta).

Both vegetation communities are home to a wide range of vertebrate and invertebrate species, many of which are audible and readily detected by acoustic sensors.