Daintree Rainforest Observatory (50)

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Site name: Daintree Rainforest Observatory
Site number: 50
Point numbers: 197 (DRO Dry A), 198 (DRO Wet A), 199 (DRO Dry B), 200 (DRO Wet B)
Ecoregion: Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests
Participant and site owner: James Cook University, Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network
Site location: Far North Queensland
Latitude: -16.106
Longitude: 145.378
Site description: The Daintree Rainforest Observatory (DRO) is located 120 km north of Cairns on Cape Tribulation. The site hosts part of the Daintree Rainforest SuperSite for the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network .The DRO is comprised of long-term monitoring sites, a canopy crane and extensive researcher and teaching infrastructure. The DRO is situated adjacent to the World Heritage listed Daintree National Park, and home to many endemic tropical plant and animal species.

Barren Grounds Nature Reserve (1)

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Site name: Barren Grounds Nature Reserve
Site number: 1
Point numbers: 1 (BARREN GROUNDS Dry A), 2 (BARREN GROUNDS Wet A), 3 (BARREN GROUNDS Dry B), 4 ( BARREN GROUNDS Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service
Site location: Southern New South Wales
Latitude: -34.679
Longitude: 150.704
Site description: Barren Grounds Nature Reserve is found in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales on the south-easterly spur of the Illawarra Range. The site is almost completely encircled by rocky cliffs and protects one of only four large areas of heath on the NSW South Coast. Barren Grounds is considered a hanging swamp plateau due to the extensive areas of heath and swamp found at elevation, and the high rates of precipitation. Dominant vegetation includes Red Bloodwood (Corymbia gummifera), Silver-top Ash (Eucalyptus sieberi), Dwarf Apple (Angophora hispida), Scrub Sheoak (Allocasuarina distyla), Stiff-leaf Wattle (Acacia obtusifolia), Heath Banksia (Banksia ericifolia), Old Man Banksia (Banksia serrata), Mountain Devil (Lambertia formosa), Broad-leafed Drumstick (Isopogon anemonifolius) and Native Fuchsia (Epacris longiflora).

Barren Grounds serves as important habitat for many plant and animal species, and is well known as an important bird area. Approximately 180 bird species can be found at Barren Grounds, including Honeyeaters, Southern Emu Wrens, Lyrebirds, Crimson Rosellas, and many threatened taxa such as the Eastern Ground Parrot and Eastern Bristlebird. The large numbers of audible species makes Barren Grounds Nature Reserve ideal for long-term ecoacoustic monitoring.

Bowra (65)

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Site name: Bowra
Site number: 65
Point numbers: 257 (BOWRA Dry A), 258 (BOWRA Wet A), 259 (BOWRA Dry B), 260 (BOWRA Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate grasslands, savannas and shrublands
Participant and site owner: Australian Wildlife Conservancy
Site location: South Western Queensland
Latitude: -27.987
Longitude: 145.609
Site description: Bowra is an Australian Wildlife Conservancy wildlife sanctuary located north-west of Cunnamulla. The property extends from the Warrego River floodplain in the east to a Mulga (Acacia aneura) dominated plateau in the west. The site receives intermittent, seasonal rainfall, and supports a mosaic of woodlands, shrublands, grasslands and riparian vegetation. Bowra provides breeding habitat and drought refuge for many semi-arid species, and is renowned for its bird diversity.

The dry sensors at Bowra are located in Mulga woodland. The wet sensors are located along an eastern tributary of the Warrego River.

Mitchell Grass Rangeland (59)

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Site name: Mitchell Grass Rangeland
Site number: 59
Point numbers: 233 (MITCH GRASS Dry A), 234 (MITCH GRASS Wet A), 235 (MITCH GRASS Dry B), 236 (MITCH GRASS Wet B)
Ecoregion: Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas and shrublands
Participant and site owner: Queensland University of Technology, Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network
Site location: Western Queensland
Latitude: -23.523
Longitude: 144.311
Site description: The Mitchell Grass Rangeland site has been established near Longreach in Western Queensland. Mitchell Grass Rangeland is a TERN SuperSite managed by the Queensland University of Technology. The site is located on an actively grazed sheep property recently affiliated with the Longreach Pastoral College, the Queensland Department of Primary Industries Rosebank Research Station and several CSIRO research programs. Mitchell Grass Rangelands are defined by mostly treeless plains with occasional ridges, rivers and gorges. Curly Mitchell Grass (Astrebla lappacea), Bull Mitchell Grass (Astrebla squarrosa) and Hoop Mitchell Grass (Astrebla elymoides) are the dominant vegetation in the area. A low overstorey of Gidgee (Acacia cambagei) and other tree and shrub species may be found in some places.

The site’s two dry acoustic sensors are located on open grassy plains dominated by Mitchell Grass tussocks. The site’s two wet acoustic sensors are located along creek and drainage lines fringed with Coolabah (Eucalyptus coolabah) and River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis).

Samford Ecological Research Facility (64)

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Site name: Samford Ecological Research Facility (South-East Queensland Peri-Urban Samford)
Site number: 64
Point numbers: 253 (SERF Dry A), 254 (SERF Wet A), 255 (SERF Dry B), 256 (SERF Wet B)
Ecoregion: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Participant and site owner: Queensland University of Technology, Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network
Site location: South-East Queensland
Latitude: -27.388
Longitude: 152.878
Site description: The Samford Ecological Research Facility (SERF) is a 51 hectare property located in subtropical Queensland, hosting the South-East Queensland Peri-Urban TERN SuperSite. SERF is situated in a broadly fragmented landscape, shaped by historical cattle grazing, logging and agriculture, and recent residential development. The site protects threatened and endangered ecosystems within a mosaic of remnant native vegetation and cleared pasture.

The site’s two dry acoustic sensors are located in open eucalypt woodland growing on soils derived from weathered granite. These forests are dominated by Pink Bloodwood (Corymbia intermedia), Grey Ironbark (Eucalyptus siderophloia), Swamp Box (Lophostemon suaveolens), and Forest Red Gum (Eucalyptus tereticornis).

SERF’s two wet acoustic sensors are located in notophyll vine forest on alluvial plains. This vegetation community has been heavily cleared over the past 150 years, with SERF protecting one of the few remaining intact examples growing along the banks of Samford Creek. Dominant vine forest species include Native Elm (Aphananthe philippinensis),White Kamala(Mallotus discolor), White Cedar (Melia azedarach), Bunya Pine (Araucaria bidwillii), and Silky Oak (Grevillea robusta).

Both vegetation communities are home to a wide range of vertebrate and invertebrate species, many of which are audible and readily detected by acoustic sensors.